Aníbal Pauchard
Departamento de Manejo de Bosques y Medio Ambiente
Facultad de Ciencias Forestales
Universidad de Concepción
Casilla 160C, Concepción
Correo electrónico:
Teléfono: 56-41-204934
Fax: 56-51-246004

My research is focused in two main areas: invasion ecology and biodiversity conservation. My collaborators and I have been studying alien plant invasions in protected areas in both south-central Chile and the Rocky Mountains in the USA. The main question has been how alien plant species disperse into protected areas from the more disturbed adjacent matrix. We have looked at roads as major dispersal corridors, also into the interior of forests, grasslands and other ecosystems. By using a multi-scale approach, including the regional, landscape and local scales, we have been able to detect patterns of invasions and their relationships with other environmental and biotic variables. Additionally, we have been looking at larger intercontinental scales, specifically comparing plant invasions between California and Chile (two regions with similar climates). Recently, we have also co-founded the Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN) to search for the causes and impacts of invasion processes in mountain environments. In relation to biodiversity conservation, I am presently involved in several initiatives to study semi-natural landscapes in order to propose alternative designs of protected areas networks. This work is been conducted in collaboration with major Chilean forest companies and NGOs.

Universidad de Concepción, Licenciate in Forest Sciences and Forest Engineer, 1998.
University of Montana, Ph.D. in Forest Ecology, 2002.

Present academic positions:
Assistant Professor, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad de Concepción.
Young Scientist, Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (
Faculty affiliate, College of Forestry and Conservation, The University of Montana.

Honors and prizes:
President of the Republic Scholarship, Chile, 1999.
Bertha Morton Scholarship, 2001.
Universidad de Concepción Academic Recognition, 2006.


Alexander, J. M., J. J. Lembrechts, L. A. Cavieres, C. Daehler, S. Haider, C. Kueffer, G. Liu, K. McDougall, A. Milbau & A. Pauchard (2016) Plant invasions into mountains and alpine ecosystems: current status and future challenges. Alpine Botany 126:89-103.


Pauchard, A., A. Escudero, R. A. Garcia, M. de la Cruz, B. Langdon, L. A. Cavieres & J. Esquivel (2016) Pine invasions in treeless environments: dispersal overruns microsite heterogeneity. Ecology and Evolution 6:447-459.


Bravo-Monasterio, P., A. Pauchard & A. Fajardo (2016) Pinus contorta invasion into treeless steppe reduces species richness and alters species traits of the local community. Biological Invasions 18:1883-1894.


Byers, B. A., J. Byers, M. E. Gonzalez, A. Pauchard & S. Pérez (2016) John Muir's little-known 1911 trip to Chile: conserving the historical and ecological legacy. Oryx 50:580-581.


Gundale, M. J., J. P. Almeida, H. Wallander, D. A. Wardle, P. Kardol, M. C. Nilsson, A. Fajardo, A. Pauchard, D. A. Peltzer & S. Ruotsalainen (2016) Differences in endophyte communities of introduced trees depend on the phylogenetic relatedness of the receiving forest. Journal of Ecology 104:1219-1232.


Pauchard, A., A. Milbau, A. Albihn, J. Alexander, T. Burgess, C. Daehler, G. Englund, F. Essl, B. Evengård, G. B. Greenwood, S. Haider, J. Lenoir, K. McDougall, E. Muths, M. A. Nuñez, J. Olofsson, L. Pellissier, W. Rabitsch, L. J. Rew, M. Robertson, N. Sanders & C. Kueffer (2016) Non-native and native organisms moving into high elevation and high latitude ecosystems in an era of climate change: new challenges for ecology and conservation. Biological Invasions 18:345-353.


Taylor, K. T., B. D. Maxwell, A. Pauchard, M. A. Nunez, D. A. Peltzer, A. Terwei  & L. J. Rew (2016) Drivers of plant invasion vary globally: evidence from pine invasions within six ecoregions. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25:96-106.


Lembrechts, J. J., J. M. Alexander,L. A. Cavieres, S. Haider, J. Lenoir, C. Kueffer, K. McDougall, B.J. Naylor, M. A.  Nuñez, A. Pauchard, L. J. Rew, I. Nijs & A. Milbau (2016) Mountain roads shift native and non-native plant species' ranges. Ecography 39: 001–012.


Cobar-Carranza, A., R. A Garcia, A. Pauchard & E. Peña (2015) Efecto de la alta temperatura en la germinación y supervivencia de semillas de la especie invasora Pinus contorta y dos especies nativas del sur de Chile. Bosque 36(1): 53-60.


Driscoll, D. A, J. A. Catford, J. N. Barney, P. E. Hulme, Inderjit, T G. Martin, A. Pauchard, Petr Pysek, D.M. Richardson, S. Riley & V. Visser (2015) Reply to Proença et al.: Sown biodiverse pastures are not a universal solution to invasion risk. PNAS 112 (14) E1696.


Barney, J. N., D. R. Tekiela, M. N. Barrios-Garcia, R. D. Dimarco, R. A. Hufbauer, P. Leipzig-Scott, M. A. Nuñez, A. Pauchard, P. Pyšek, M. Vítková, & B. D. Maxwell (2015) Global Invader Impact Network (GIIN): toward standardized evaluation of the ecological impacts of invasive plants.  Ecology and Evolution 5: 2878-2889.

 -1_Garcia_etal _2015_Jour_wild_fire.pdf

Garcia, R. A., A. Pauchard, Maria L. Engler, E. Pen, & F. W. Pollnac (2015) Fuel characteristics of the invasive shrub Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch. International Journal of Wildland Fire 24: 372-379.


Hayward, J., T.R. Horton, A. Pauchard & M.A. Nuñez (2105)  A single ectomycorrhizal fungal species can enable a Pinus invasion.  Ecology 96: 1438–1444.

 -1_Heinrichs _Pauchar_2015_Bio_Conser.pdf

Heinrichs, S. & A. Pauchard (2015)  Struggling to maintain native plant diversity in a peri-urban reserve surrounded by a highly anthropogenic matrix. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 2769-2788.


Hulme, P. E., A. Pauchard, P. Pyšek, M. Vilà, C. Alba, T. M. Blackburn, J. M. Bullock, M. Chytrý, W. Dawson, A. M. Dunn, F. Essl, P. Genovesi, L. C. Maskell, L. A. Meyerson, M. A. Nuñez, J. Pergl, O. L. Pescott, M. J. O. Pocock, D. M. Richardson, H. E. Roy, S. M. Smart, K. Štajerová, T. Stohlgren, M. van Kleunen & M. Winter. (2015) Challenging the view that invasive non-native plants are not a significant threat to the floristic diversity of Great Britain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: 2988-2989.


Nuñez, M. A., R. D. Dimarco, I. A. Dickie & A. Pauchard (2015)  What can possibly go wrong?: The risks of introducing soil microorganisms from Antarctica into South America.  Bosque 36: 343-346.


Sagarin, R & A. Pauchard (2015) Response to Book Review: Observation and Ecology: Broadening the Scope of Science to Understand a Complex World. Austral Ecology 40:  e20.


Cobar-Carranza, A., R. Garcia, A. Pauchard & E. Peña (2014) Effect of Pinus contorta invasion on forest fuel properties and its potential implications on the fire regime of Araucaria araucana and Nothofagus antarctica forests. Biol Invasions DOI 10.1007/s10530-014-0663-8.


Garcia, R.A., A. Escudero & A. Pauchard (2014) French broom (Teline monspessulana) invasion in south-central Chile depends on factors operating at different spatial scales. Biol Invasions 16:113–124.


Gundale, M., A. Pauchard, B. Langdon, D.A. Peltzer, B.D. Maxwell & M.A. Nuñez (2014) Can model species be used to advance the field of invasion ecology?. Biological Invasions 16(3): 591-607.

 -1_Richardson_etal _2014_Biol_Invas.pdf

Richardson, D., C. Hui, M. Nuñez & A. Pauchard (2014) Tree invasions: patterns, processes, challenges and opportunities. Biological Invasions 16: 473–481.


Driscoll, D. A., J. A. Catford, J. N. Barney, P. E. Hulme, Inderjit,, T. G. Martin, A. Pauchard, P. Pysek, D. M. Richardson, S. Riley & V. Visser (2014) New pasture plants intensify invasive species risk. PNAS 111(46): 16622–16627.


Kueffer, C., C. Daehler, H. Dietz, K. McDougall, C. Parks, A. Pauchard & L. Rew (2014) The Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN). Linking Local and Global Scales for Addressing an Ecological Consequence of Global Change. GAIA 23(3): 263 – 265.


Visser V., B. Langdon, A. Pauchard & D.M. Richardson (2014) Unlocking the potential of Google Earth as a tool in invasion science. Biological Invasions 16(3):513-534.


Ward S.M., R.D. Cousens, M.V. Bagavathiannan, J.N. Barney, H.J. Beckie, R. Busi, A.S. Davis, J.S. Dukes, F. Forcella, R.P. Freckleton, E.R. Gallandt, L.M. Hall, M. Jasieniuk, A. Lawton-Rauh, E.A. Lehnhoff, M. Liebman, B.D. Maxwell, M.B. Mesgaran, J.V. Murray, P.Neve, M.A. Nunez, A. Pauchard, S.A. Queenborough & B.L. Webber (2014) Agricultural Weed Research: A Critique and Two Proposals. Weed Science 62: 672-678.


Wilson J, P. I.A. Caplat, Dickie, C. Hui, B. Maxwell, M.A. Nunez, A. Pauchard, M. Rejmanek, D.M. Richardson, M.P. Robertson, D. Spear, B.L. Webber, B. van Wilgen & R.D. Zenni (2014) A standardized set of metrics to assess and monitor tree invasions. Biological Invasions 16(3):535-551.


Pauchard A, B. Langdon, A. Jiménez, L. Cavieres, E. Peña & M. Núnez (2014) Pináceas Invasoras en el Sur de Sudamérica: Patrones, Mecanismos e Impactos, In: Invasiones Biológicas en Chile. Jaksic F, Castro S. pp. 283-308. Editorial Universidad Católica.


Pauchard A., R. García, B. Langdon & M, Nuñez (2014) Invasiones de plantas en ecosistemas forestales: bosques y praderas invadidas, In: Ecología Forestal: Bases para el Manejo Sustentable y Conservación de los Bosques Nativos de Chile. Donoso C, Gonzalez M & & Lara A (ed). pp 673-691. Ediciones Universidad Austral de Chile


Javiera Maira, Carolina Rojas, Paula Villagra (Textbox 28.1), Ana Faggi, Fabio Márquez (Textbox 28.2), Gloria Aponte (Textbox 28.3), and Ian MacGregor-Fors (Textbox 28.4). (2013) Regional Assessment of Latin America:Rapid Urban Development and Social Economic Inequity Threaten Biodiversity Hotspots. Urban Global Assessmement. Chapter 28


Seipel, T., C. Kueffer, L. J. Rew, C. C. Daehler, A. Pauchard, B. J. Naylor, J. M. Alexander, P. J. Edwards, C. G. Parks, J. R. Arevalo, L. A. Cavieres, H Dietz, G. Jakobs, K. McDougall, R. Otto & N. Walsh (2012) Processes at multiple scales affect richness and similarity of non-native plant species in mountains around the world. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21:236–246.


Fuentes, N., A. Pauchard, P, Sanchez, J. Esquivel & A. Marticorena (2012) A new comprehensive database of alien plant species in Chile based on herbarium records. Biological Invasions Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 847-858.


García, R., A. Fuentes-Ramírez & A. Pauchard (2012) Effects of two nitrogen-fixing invasive plants species on soil chemical properties in south-central Chile. Gayana Botanica 69(1):189-192.


Fuentes-Ramírez, A., A. Pauchard, L. A. Cavieres & R.A. García (2011) Survival and growth of Acacia dealbata vs. native trees across an invasion front in south-central Chile. Forest Ecology and Management 261:1003–1009.


Quiroz, C.L., L.A. Cavieres & A. Pauchard (2011) Assessing the importance of disturbance, site conditions, and the biotic barrier for dandelion invasión in an Alpine hábitat. Biological invasion 13:2889–2899


Stohlgren, T.J., P. Pysek, J. Kartesz, M. Nishino, A. Pauchard, M. Winter, J. Pino, D. M. Richardson, J.R.U. Wilson, B. R. Murray, M.L. Phillips, L. Ming-yang, L. Celesti-Grapow & X. Font (2011) Widespread plant species: natives versus aliens in our changing world. Biological invasions 13:1931–1944.


Fuentes-Ramírez, A., Pauchard, A., Marticorena, A. & Sanchez, P. (2010). Relación entre la invasión de Acacia dealbata Link (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) y la riqueza de especies vegetales en el centro-sur de Chile. Gayana Botanica 67: 176-185.


García, R.A., A. Pauchard, L.A. Cavieres, E. Pena & M.F. Rodriguez (2010) Fire promotes Teline monspessulana (Fabaceae) invasion by increasing its germination. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 83: 443-452.


Langdon, B., Pauchard, A. & Aguayo, M. (2010). Pinus contorta invasion in the Chilean Patagonia: local patterns in a global context. Biological Invasions 12: 3961-3971.


Nuñez, M. & A. Pauchard (2010) Biological invasions in developing and developed countries: does one model fit all?. Biological Invasions 12: 707-714.


Richardson, D.M., C.C. Daehler, M.R. Leishman, A. Pauchard & P. Pyšek (2010) Plant invasions: theoretical and practical challenges. Biological Invasions 12: 3907-3911.


Sagarin, R. & A. Pauchard (2010) Observational approaches in ecology open new ground in a changing world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8: 379-386.


Simberloff, D., M.A Nunez, N.J. Ledgard, A. Pauchard, D.M. Richardson, M. Sarasola, B. Van Wilgen, S. Zalba, R. Zenni, R. Bustamante, E. Pena & S. Ziller (2010) Spread and impact of introduced conifers in South America: Lessons from other southern hemisphere regions. Austral Ecology 35: 489-504.


Pauchard, A., M. Nuñez, E. Raffaele, R.O. Bustamante, N. Ledgard, M.A. Relva & D. Simberloff (2010) Symposium summary; Introduced conifer invasión: an update. Frontiers of Biogeography 2: 34-37.


Pauchard, A. (2010) Urbanización, una amenaza “estéticamente amigable” para el bosque nativo. Revista Bosque Nativo  45:28.


Pauchard, A. & A. Jiménez (2010) Invasiones de plantas exóticas en áreas protegidas: entendiendo un proceso. Revista Parques 1-9. 


Aguayo, M., A. Pauchard, G. Azocar & O. Parra (2009) Cambio del uso del suelo en el centro sur de Chile a fines del siglo XX. Entendiendo la dinámica espacial y temporal del paisaje. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 82: 361-374.


Alexander, J. & A. Pauchard (2009) EMAPI 10: Bridging approaches to plant invasions. Frontiers in Biogeography 1: 48-49.


Pauchard, A., C. Kueffer, H. Dietz, C.C. Daehler, J. Alexander, P.J. Edwards, J.R. Arévalo, L.A. Cavieres, A. Guisan, S. Haider, G. Jakobs, K. McDougall, C.I. Millar, B.J. Naylor, C.G Parks, L. Rew & T. Seipel (2009) Ain’t no mountain high enough: Plant invasion reaching high elevations. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 479-486.


Pauchard, A., C. Kueffer, K. McDougall & J. Alexander (2009) Global networks: a reply to Khuroo et al. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 518-518.


Peña, E., M. Hidalgo, B. Langdon & A. Pauchard (2008) Patterns of spread of Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. Invasion in a Natural Reserve in southern South America. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 1049 -1054.


Pauchard, A., R.A. García, E. Pena, C. Gonzalez, L.A. Cavieres & R.O. Bustamante (2008) Positive feedbacks between plant invasions and fire regimes: Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch (Fabaceae) in central Chile. Biological Invasions 10: 547-553.   


Jiménez, A., A. Pauchard, L.A. Cavieres, A. Marticorena & R.O. Bustamante (2007) Do climatically similar regions contain similar alien floras? A comparison between the mediterranean areas of central Chile and California. Journal of Biogeography 35: 614-624.


García, R.A., A. Pauchard & E. Peña (2007) Banco de semillas, regeneración y crecimiento de Teline m onspessulana (L.) K. Koch después de un incendio forestal. Gayana Botanica 64(2): 201-210.


Pauchard, A. (2007) Invasions as spatially explicit processes: contributions to ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: 123-124.


Pauchard, A. & M. Maheu-Giroux (2007) Case study 11.1: Acacia dealbata invasion across multiple scales: Conspicuous flowering species can help us study invasion pattern and processes. In: E. Underwood & S. Ustin, Trends in Invasive Alien Species, In: (H. Strand, R. Höft, J. Strittholt, L. Miles, N. Horning & E. Fosnight, eds), "Sourcebook on Remote Sensing and Biodiversity Indicators", pp. 161-177. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Technical Series no. 32, Montreal.


Domínguez, E., A. Elvebakk, C. Marticorena & A. Pauchard (2006) Plantas introducidas en el Parque Nacional Torres del Paine, Chile. Gayana Botánica 63: 131-141.


Pauchard, A., M. Aguayo & P. Alaback (2006) Cuantificando la fragmentación del paisaje: las métricas y sus significados ecológicos. In: (A. Grez, J. Simonetti & R.O. Bustamante), “Biodiversidad en Ambientes Fragmentados de Chile: Patrones y Procesos a Diferentes Escalas”. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago.


Pauchard, A., M. Aguayo, E. Peña & R. Urrutia (2006) Multiple effects of urbanization on the biodiversity of developing countries: The case of a fast-growing metropolitan area (Concepción, Chile). Biological Conservation 127: 272-281.


Pauchard, A. & P. Alaback (2006) Edge type defines alien plant species invasions along Pinus contorta burned, highway and clearcut forest edges. Forest Ecology and Management 223: 327-335.


Pauchard, A. & M.L. McKinney (2006) Introduction (Special Issue "Biological Invasions across Scales: New Insights"). Biological Invasions 8: 397-398.


Pauchard, A. & K. Shea (2006) Integrating the study of non-native plant invasions across spatial scales. Biological Invasions 8: 399-413.


Bustamante, R.O., A. Pauchard, A. Jiménez, A. Marticorena & L.A. Cavieres  (2005)  Alien plants in Mediterranean-type ecosystems of the Americas: comparing floras at a regional and local scale. In: (S. Brunel, ed), “Invasive Plants in Mediterranean Type Regions of the World”, pp. 89-97. Proceedings of the International Workshop Meze France. Council of Europe Publishing.

 -1_Cavieres_etal_ 2005_Persp_Plant_Evol_Syst.pdf

Cavieres, L.A., C.L. Quiroz, M.A. Molina-Montenegro, A.A. Muñoz & A. Pauchard (2005) Nurse effect of the native cushion plant Azorella monantha on the invasive non-native Taraxacum officinale in the high-Andes of central Chile. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 7: 217-226.

Domínguez, E., C. Marticorena, A. Elvebakk & A. Pauchard (2004) Catálogo de la flora vascular del Parque Nacional Pali Aike, XII Región, Chile. Gayana Botanica 61: 67-72.
Pauchard, A., L.A. Cavieres & R.O. Bustamante (2004) Comparing alien plant invasions among regions with similar climates: where to from here? Diversity & Distributions 10: 371-375.
Pauchard, A. & P.B. Alaback (2004) Influence of elevation, land use, and landscape context on patterns of alien plant invasions along roadsides in protected areas of south-central Chile. Conservation Biology 18: 238-248.
Pauchard, A., L. Cavieres, R. Bustamante, P. Becerra & E. Rapoport (2004) Increasing the understanding of plant invasions in southern South America: first symposium on Alien Plant Invasions in Chile. Biological Invasions 6: 255-257.
Pauchard, A., P.B. Alaback & E.G. Edlund (2003) Plant invasions in protected areas at multiple scales: Linaria vulgaris (Scrophulariaceae) in the West Yellowstone area. Western North American Naturalist 63: 416-428.

Pauchard, A. & P. Alaback (2002) La amenaza de plantas invasoras. Chile Forestal 289:13-15.
Pauchard, A. & P. Villarroel (2002) Protected areas in Chile: history, current status, and challenges. Natural Areas Journal 22: 318-330.

Pauchard, A., E. Ugarte & J. Millán (2001) Biodiversidad y vegetación en la línea de base para la evaluación del impacto ambiental de proyectos de inversión en áreas silvestres protegidas de Chile. In (A. Krisler, ed), "Sustentabilidad de la Biodiversidad. Un Problema Actual, Bases Cientifico Técnicas, Teorizaciones y Proyecciones", pp. 757-773. Editorial Universidad de Concepción, Concepción.

Peña, E. & A. Pauchard (2001) Coníferas introducidas en áreas protegidas: un riesgo para la biodiversidad. Bosque Nativo 30: 3-7.
Pauchard, A. (2000) La experiencia de Costa Rica en áreas protegidas. Ambiente y Desarrollo 16(3): 51-60.
Pauchard, A., E. Ugarte & J. Millán (2000) A multiscale method for assessing vegetation baseline of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in protected areas of Chile. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS 3: 111-116.

Pauchard, A. (1999) SNASPE: New challenges for conservation biology. Boletín Ingenieros Forestales por el Bosque Nativo Junio 21: Valdivia, Chile.