Patricio Iván Moreno
Facultad de Ciencias
Universidad de Chile
Correo electrónico: pimoreno@uchile.cl
Teléfono: 56-2-9787391
Fax: 56-2-2727363

Research:
My research is focused on the study of past patterns, rates, and mechanisms of vegetation and climate change during the Quaternary (the last 2 million years). In order to accomplish this goal I am studying fossil plant and charcoal remains, the sediments in which they occur, and the spatial context in which the study sites are located. This approach allows examining past vegetation change at multiple temporal scales ranging from decades to tenths of thousands of years, with the aim of understanding current biogeographic patterns and the paleoenvironmental evolution of our study areas. We are working in northern and southern Patagonia with the objective of understanding the environmental context (climatic and non-climatic) in which the profound biological transformations associated with the last glacial-interglacial cycle have taken place. By means of comparing the similarities and differences of our results with similar geohistorical records we can establish comparisons at multiple spatial scales (regional, continental, intra and interhemispheric), and gain insights into the causes and consequences of past global changes. My main field sites at present are situated in the area of Torres del Paine National Park in Chile in thPatagonia.

Education:
Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Licenciatura en Biología, 1991.
M.Sc. University of Maine, M.Sc. in Quaternary Sciences, 1994.
University of Maine, Ph.D. in Plant Biology, 1998.

Present academic positions:
Associate Professor, University de Chile.
Associate Investigator, Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (
IEB).

Honors and prizes:
Oustanding Young Scientist Award, Biological Society of Chile, 2005.
BBVA Prize in Conservation Biology Research Foundation, 2004.
"Frontiers in Science" Young Scientist Program, Chilean Academy of Sciences, 2004-2006.

  Publications 
 -1_Vidal_etal_2016_Austral_Ecology.pdf

Vidal,M., S. Ibañez, P. Moreno & E. Poulin (2016) Phylogeography of the Patagonian lizard and frog: congruent signature of southern glacial refugia. Austral Ecology 41:399-408.

 -1_Moreno_etal_2015_Geology.pdf

Moreno, P.I., B.V. Alloway, G. Villarosa, V. Outes, W.I. Henríquez, R. De Pol-Holz, & N.J.G. Pearce (2015) A past-millennium maximum in postglacial activity from Volcán Chaitén, southern Chile. Geology, 43 (1):47–50.

 -1_Alloway_etal_2015_NSR.pdf

Alloway, B.V., Pearce, N.J.G., Villarosa, G., Outes, V., Moreno, P.I. (2015) Multiple melt bodies fed the AD 2011 eruption of Puyehue-Cordón Caulle, Chile. Scientific Reports 5: 17589.

 -1_Bravo_etal_2015_CPD.pdf

Bravo, C., Rojas, M., Anderson, B.M., Mackintosh, A.N., Sagredo, E., Moreno, P.I. (2015) Modelled glacier equilibrium line altitudes during the mid-Holocene in the southern mid-latitudes. Climate of the Past 11:  1575-1586.

 -1_Henriquez_etal_2015_QSR.pdf

Henríquez, W.I., Moreno, P.I., Alloway, B.V., Villarosa, G. (2015) Vegetation and climate change, fire-regime shifts and volcanic disturbance in Chiloé Continental (43°S) during the last 10,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 123: 158-167.

 -1_Jara_et_al-2015-Journal_of_Quaternary_Science.pdf

Jara, I.A., Newnham, R.M., Vandergoes, M.J., Foster, C.R., Lowe, D.J., Wilmshurst, J.M., Moreno, P.I., Renwick, J.A., Homes, A.M (2015) Pollen–climate reconstruction from northern South Island, New Zealand (41°S), reveals varying high- and low-latitude teleconnections over the last 16 000 years. Journal of Quaternary Science 30:  817-829.

 

Moreno, P.I., Denton, G.H., Moreno, H., Lowell, T.V., Putnam, A.E., Kaplan, M.R (2015) Radiocarbon chronology of the last glacial maximum and its termination in northwestern Patagonia. Quaternary Science Reviews 122:  233-249.

 -1_weller_etal_2015_Bull_Volc.pdf

Weller, D.J., Miranda, C.G., Moreno, P.I., Villa-Martínez, R., Stern, C.R (2015) Tephrochronology of the southernmost Andean Southern Volcanic Zone, Chile. Bulletin of Volcanology 77: 1-24.

 -1_Jara_Moreno_2014_QSR.pdf

Jara, I.A. & P.I. Moreno (2014) Temperate rainforest response to climate change and disturbance agents in northwestern Patagonia (41 degrees S) over the last 2600 years. Quaternary Research 77: 235-244.

 -1_Massaferro_etal_2014_Palae.pdf

Massaferro, J., I. Larocque-Tobler, S.J. Brooks, M. Vandergoes, A. Dieffenbacher-Krall & P. Moreno (2014) Quantifying climate change in Huelmo mire (Chile, Northwestern Patagonia) during the Last Glacial Termination using a newly developed chironomid-based temperature model. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 399: 214-224.

 -1_Moreno_etal_2014_NatureComm.pdf

Moreno, P.I., I. Vilanova, R. Villa-Martínez, R.D. Garreaud, M. Rojas & R. De Pol-Holz, (2014) Southern Annular Mode-like changes in southwestern Patagonia at centennial timescales over the last three millennia. Nature Communications 5: 4375.

 -1_Pesce_Moreno_2014 QSR.pdf

Pesce, O.H & P.I. Moreno (2014) Vegetation, fire and climate change in central-east Isla Grande de Chiloé (43°S) since the Last Glacial Maximum, northwestern Patagonia. Quaternary Science Reviews 90:143-157.

 -1_Weller_etal_2014_Bull_Volca.pdf

Weller, D., C.G. Miranda, P.I. Moreno, R. Villa-Martínez & C.R. Stern (2014) The large late-glacial Ho eruption of the Hudson volcano, southern Chile. Bulletin of Volcanology 76: 1-18.

 -1_Clark_etal_2012_PNAS.pdf

Clark, P.U., J. D. Shakun, P. A. Baker, P. J. Bartlein, S. Brewere, E. Brook, A. E. Carlson, Hai Chengh, D. S. Kaufman, Z. Liu, T. M. Marchitto, A.C. Mix, C. Morrill, B. L. Otto-Bliesner, K. Pahnke, J. M. Russell, C. Whitlock, J. F. Adkins, J. L. Blois, J. Clark, S. M. Colman, W. B. Curry, B. P. Flower, Feng He, T.C. Johnson, J. Lynch-Stieglitz, V. Markgraf, J. McManus, J. X. Mitrovica, P. I. Moreno &  J. W. Williams (2012) Global climate evolution during the last deglaciation . PNAS 109 (19) E1134-E1142.

 -1_Moreno_etal_2012_QSR.pdf

Moreno P.I., R. Villa-Martinez, M.L. Cárdenas & E.A. Sagredo (2012) Deglacial changes of the southern margin of the southern westerly winds revealed by terrestrial records from SW Patagonia (52°S). Quaternary Science Reviews 41:1-21.

 -1_Fletcher_Moreno_2012_QI.pdf

Fletcher M.S & P. I. Moreno (2012) Have the Southern Westerlies changed in a zonally symmetric manner over the last 14,000 years? A hemisphere-wide take on a controversial problem. Quaternary International 253:32-46.

 -1_Fletcher&Moreno 2012 LSP 1500.pdf

Fletcher M.S & P. I. Moreno (2012) Vegetation, climate and fire regime changes in the Andean region of southern Chile (38°S) covaried with centennial-scale climate anomalies in the tropical Pacific over the last 1500 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 46:46-56.

 -1_Vidal_etal_2012_Amphi_Reptil.pdf

Vidal, M. A., J. C. Ortiz, J. C. Marín, E. Poulin & P. I. Moreno (2012) Comparative phylogeography of two co-distributed species of lizards of the genus Liolaemus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from Southern Chile. Amphibia-Reptilia 33(1):55-67.

 -1_Vidal_etal_2012_Aust_Ecol.pdf

Vidal, M A., P. I. Moreno & E. Poulin (2012) Genetic diversity and insular colonization of Liolaemus pictus (Squamata, Liolaeminae) in north-western Patagonia. Austral Ecology 37:67–77.

 -1_Jara_Moreno_2012_Quat_Research.pdf

Jara, I. A & P. I. Moreno (2012) Temperate rainforest response to climate change and disturbance agents in northwestern Patagonia (41 degrees S) over the last 2600 years. Quaternary Research 77(2):235-244.

 -1_Villa-Martinez_etal_2012_Quat_Scien_Review.pdf

Villa-Martínez, R., P. I. Moreno & M. A. Valenzuela (2012) Deglacial and postglacial vegetation changes on the eastern slopes of the central Patagonian Andes (47°S). Quaternary Science Reviews 32:86-99

 -1_Daniau_etal_2012_Glob_Biog_Cycles.pdf

Daniau, A.L., P. J. Bartlein, S. P. Harrison, I. C. Prentice, S. Brewer, P. Friedlingstein, T. I. Harrison-Prentice, J. Inoue, K. Izumi, J. R. Marlon, S. Mooney, M. J. Power, J. Stevenson, W. Tinner, M. AndriÄ?,  J. Atanassova, H. Behling, M. Black, O. Blarquez, K. J. Brown, C. Carcaillet, E. A. Colhoun, D. Colombaroli, B. A. S. Davis, D. D’Costa, J. Dodson, L. Dupont,Z. Eshetu, D. G. Gavin, A. Genries, S. Haberle, D. J. Hallett, G. Hope, S. P. Horn, T. G. Kassa, F. Katamura, L. M. Kennedy, P. Kershaw, S. Krivonogov, C. Long, D. Magri, E. Marinova, G. M. McKenzie, P. I. Moreno, P. Moss F. H. Neumann, E. Norström, C. Paitre, D. Rius, N. Roberts, G. S. Robinson, N. Sasaki, L. Scott, H. Takahara, V. Terwilliger, F. Thevenon R. Turner, V. G. Valsecchi, B. Vannière, M. Walsh, N. Williams & Y. Zhang (2012) Predictability of biomass burning in response to climate changes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 26, GB4007

 Fletcher_Moreno_2011_Geology.pdf

Fletcher, M.S. & P.I. Moreno (2011) Zonally symmetric changes in the strength and position of the Southern Westerlies drove atmospheric CO2 variations over the past 14 k.y. Geology 39(5):419-422.

 33_Rojas_and_Moreno_2011_Clim_Dyn.pdf

Rojas, M. & P. I. Moreno (2011) Atmospheric circulation changes and Neoglacial conditions in the Southern Hemisphere mid-latitudes: insights from PMIP2 simulations at 6 ka. Climate Dynamics 37: 357–375

 35_Sagredo_et_al_2011_Geomorphology.pdf

Sagredo, E.A., P.I. Moreno, R. Villa-Martínez, M.R. Kaplan, P.W. Kubik & C.R. Stern (2011) Fluctuations of the Última Esperanza ice lobe (52°S), Chilean Patagonia, during the last glacial maximum and termination 1. Geomorphology 125: 92–108

 38_Stern _et_al_2011_Andean_Geology.pdf

Stern, C. R., P.I. Moreno, R. Villa-Martínez, E. A. Sagredo, A. Prieto & R. Labarca (2011) Evolution of ice-dammed proglacial lakes in Última Esperanza, Chile: implications from the late-glacial R1 eruption of Reclús volcano, Andean Austral Volcanic Zone. Andean Geology 38 (1): 82-97

 Moreno_etal_2010_Pages.pdf

Moreno, P.I., T. Kitzberger, V. Iglesias & A. Holz (2010) Paleofires in southern South America since the Last Glacial Maximum. Pages News 18: 75-77.

 Moreno_etal_2010_Geology.pdf

Moreno, P. I., J. P. Francois, R. Villa-Martínez & C.M. Moy (2010) Covariability of the Southern Westerlies and atmospheric CO2 during the Holocene. Geology 38 (8) 727-730.

 Marchant_etal_2009_ClimPast.pdf

Marchant R., A. Cleef, S. P. Harrison, H. Hooghiemstra, V. Markgraf, J. van Boxel, T. Ager, L. Almeida, R. Anderson, C. Baied, H. Behling, J. C. Berrio, R. Burbridge, S. Bjorck, R. Byrne, M. Bush, J. Duivenvoorden, J. Flenley, P. De Oliveira, B. van Geel, K. Graf, W. D. Gosling, S. Harbele, T. van der Hammen, B. Hansen, S. Horn, P. Kuhry, M.-P. Ledru, F. Mayle, B. Leyden, S. Lozano-Garcia, A. M. Melief, P. Moreno, N. T. Moar, A. Prieto, G. van Reenen2, M. Salgado-Labouriau, F. Schabitz, E. J. Schreve-Brinkman, & M.Wille. (2009) Pollen-based biome reconstructions for Latin America at 0, 6000 and 18 000 radiocarbon years ago. Climate of the Past 5: 725–767.

 Massaferro_etal_2009_Quat_Scienc_Rew.pdf

Massaferro, J.I., P.I. Moreno, G.H. Denton, M. Vandergoe & A. Dieffenbacher-Krall (2009) Chironomid and pollen evidence for climate fluctuations during the Last Glacial Termination in NW Patagonia. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 517-525.

 

Moreno, P.I., J.P. Francois, R.P. Villa-Martinez & C.M. Moy (2009) Millennial-scale variability in Southern Hemisphere westerly wind activity over the last 5000 years in SW Patagonia. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 25-38.

 Moreno_etal_2009_Geology.pdf

Moreno, P.I., M.R. Kaplan, J.P. François, R. Villa-Martínez, C.M. Moy, C.R. Stern & P.W. Kubik (2009) Renewed glacial activity during the Antarctic Cold Reversal and persistence of cold conditions until 11.5 ka in SW Patagonia. Geology 37: 375-378.

 Moy_etal_2009_springer.pdf

Moy, C.M., Moreno, P.I., Dunbar, R.B., Kaplan, M.R., Francois, J.P., Villalba, R. and Haberzettl, T. 2009. Climate change in southern South America during the last two millennia. In: F. Vimeux, F. Sylvestre and M. Khodri editors. Past climate variability from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene in South America and Surrounding regions. Vol 14: 353-393.Springer- Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research Series. ISBN: 978-90-481-2671-2.

 -1_Rojas_etal_2009_Clim_Dynam.pdf

Rojas, M., P.I. Moreno, M. Kageyama, M. Crucifix, C. Hewitt, A. Abe-Ouchi, R. Ohgaito, E.C. Brady & P. Hope (2009) The Southern Westerlies during the last glacial maximum in PMIP2 simulations. Climate Dynamics 32: 525-548.

 Abarzua_Moreno_2008_Quat_Research.pdf

Abarzúa, A.M. & P.I. Moreno (2008) Changing fire regimes in the temperate rainforest region of southern Chile over the last 16,000 yr. Quaternary Research 69: 62-71.

 Kaplan_etal_2008_Quat_Scienc.pdf

Kaplan, M.R., P.I. Moreno & M. Rojas (2008) Glacial dynamics in southernmost South America during Marine Isotope Stage 5e to the Younger Dryas chron: a brief review with a focus on cosmogenic nuclide measurements. Journal of Quaternary Science 23: 649-658.

 Moy_etal_2008_Quat_Scienc.pdf

Moy, C.M., R.B. Dunbar, P.I. Moreno, J.P. Francois, R. Villa-Martínez, D.M. Mucciarone, T.P. Guilderson & R.D. Garreaud (2008) Isotopic evidence for hydrologic change related to the westerlies in SW Patagonia, Chile, during the last millennium. Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 1335-1349.

 Power_etal_2008_Clim_Dynam.pdf

Power, M.J., J. Marlon, N. Ortiz, P.J. Bartlein, S.P. Harrison, F.E. Mayle, A. Ballouche, R.H.W. Bradshaw, C. Carcaillet, C. Cordova, S. Mooney, P.I. Moreno, I.C. Prentice, K. Thonicke, W. Tinner, C. Whitlock, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, A.A. Ali, R.S. Anderson, R. Beer, H. Behling, C. Briles, K.J. Brown, A. Brunelle, M. Bush, P. Camill, G.Q. Chu, J. Clark, D. Colombaroli, S. Connor, A.-L. Daniau, M. Daniels, J. Dodson, E. Doughty, M.E. Edwards, W. Finsinger, D. Foster, J. Frechette, M.-J. Gaillard, D.G. Gavin, E. Gobet, S. Haberle, D.J. Hallett, P. Higuera, G. Hope, S. Horn, J. Inoue, P. Kaltenrieder, L. Kennedy, Z.C. Kong, C. Larsen, C.J. Long, J. Lynch, E.A. Lynch, M. McGlone, S. Meeks, S. Mensing, G. Meyer, T. Minckley, J. Mohr, D.M. Nelson, J. New, R. Newnham, R. Noti, W. Oswald, J. Pierce, P.J.H. Richard, C. Rowe, M.F. Sanchez Goñi, B.J. Shuman, H. Takahara, J. Toney, C. Turney, D.H. Urrego-Sanchez, C. Umbanhowar, M. Vandergoes, B. Vanniere, E. Vescovi, M. Walsh, X. Wang, N. Williams, J. Wilmshurst & J.H. Zhang (2008) Changes in fire regimes since the Last Glacial Maximum: an assessment based on a global synthesis and analysis of charcoal data. Climate Dynamics 30 (7-8): 887-907.

 -1_Latorre_etal_2007_Geology_Chile.pdf

Latorre, C., P.I. Moreno, G. Vargas, A. Maldonado, R. Villa-Martínez, J.J. Armesto, C. Villagrán, M. Pino, L. Núñez & M. Grosjean (2007) Late Quaternary environments and paleoclimate. In: (T. Moreno & W. Gibbons, eds), “The Geology of Chile”, pp. 309-328 . London Geological Society Press, London

 

Villa-Martínez, R. & P.I. Moreno (2007) Pollen evidence for variations in the southern margin of the westerly winds in SW Patagonia over the last 12,600 years. Quaternary Research 68: 400-409.

 

Whitlock, C., P.I. Moreno & P. Bartlein (2007) Climatic controls of Holocene fire patterns in southern South America. Quaternary Research 68: 28-36.

 -1_Aguirre_etal_2006_Chapter16_Diagnostico.pdf

Aguirre, L., R. Garreaud, F. Hervé, E. Kausel, P.I. Moreno, M.V. Soto, I. Tapia y G. Yáñez (2006) Ciencias de la Tierra. In: (J. Allende, J. Babul, S. Martínez & T. Ureta, eds), "Análisis y Proyecciones de la Ciencia Chilena 2005", pp. 343-374. Academia Chilena de Ciencias, Santiago.

Abarzúa, A.M., C. Villagrán & P.I. Moreno (2004) Deglacial and postglacial climate history in east-central Isla Grande de Chiloé, southern Chile (43ºS). Quaternary Research 62: 49-59.
Moreno, P.I. (2004) Millennial-scale climate variability in northwest Patagonia over the last 15,000 yr. Journal of Quaternary Science 19: 35-47.
 Hajdas, I., G. Bonani, P.I. Moreno & D. Ariztegui (2003) Precise radiocarbon dating of Late-Glacial cooling in mid-latitude South America. Quaternary Research 59: 70-78.
Moreno, P.I. & A.L. León (2003) Abrupt vegetation changes during the last glacial to Holocene transition in mid-latitude South America. Journal of Quaternary Science 18: 787-800.
Moreno, P.I. (2002) Cambio climático. Última glaciación. Investigación y Ciencia septiembre: 30-31.
Moreno, P.I. (2002) Western Patagonia: a key area for understanding Quaternary paleoclimate at southern mid-latitudes. In: (G. Casassa, F.V. Sepulveda & R.M. Sinclair, eds), "The Patagonian Icefields. A Unique Natural Laboratory for Environmental and Climate Change Studies", pp. 43-54. Series of the Centro de Estudios Científicos. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
Moreno, P.I., G.L. Jacobson, T.V. Lowell & G.H. Denton (2001) Interhemispheric climate links revealed by a late-glacial cooling episode in southern Chile. Nature 409: 804-808.
Moreno, P.I. (2000) Climate, fire, and vegetation between about 13,000 and 9200 14C yr B.P. in the Chilean Lake District. Quaternary Research 54: 81-89.
Denton, G.H., T.V. Lowell, P.I. Moreno, B.G. Andersen & C. Schlüchter (1999) Geomorphology, stratigraphy, and radiocarbon chronology of Llanquihue Drift in the area of the Southern Lake District, Seno Reloncaví, and Isla Grande de Chiloé, Chile. Geografiska Annaler Series A-Physical Geography 81 A: 167-229.
Denton, G.H., T.V. Lowell, P.I Moreno, B.G. Andersen & C. Schlüchter (1999) Interhemispheric linkage of paleoclimate during the last glaciation. Geografiska Annaler Series A-Physical Geography 81 A: 107-153.
Moreno, P.I., G.L. Jacobson, B. Andersen, T.V. Lowell, & G.H. Denton (1999) Abrupt vegetation and climate changes during the last glacial maximum and the last Termination in the Chilean Lake District: A case study from Canal de la Puntilla (41ºS). Geografiska Annaler Series A-Physical Geography 81 A: 285-311.
Moreno, P.I. (1997) Vegetation and climate change near Lago Llanquihue in the Chilean Lake District between 20,200 and 9500 14C yr B.P. Journal of Quaternary Science 12: 485-500.

Villagrán, C., P.I. Moreno & R. Villa (1996) Antecedentes palinológicos acerca de la historia cuaternaria de los bosques chilenos. In: (J.J. Armesto, C. Villagrán & M.T.K. Arroyo, eds), "Ecología de los Bosques Nativos de Chile", pp. 51-69. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago.
Andersen, B.G., G.H. Denton, C.J. Heusser, T.V. Lowell, P.I. Moreno, A. Hauser, L.E. Heusser, C. Schluchter & D. Marchants (1995) Climate, vegetation, and glacier fluctuations in Chile between 40º30' and 42º30'S Latitude - A short review of preliminary results. Quaternary International 28: 199-201.
Lowell, T.V., C.J. Heusser, B.G. Andersen, P.I. Moreno, A. Hauser, G.H. Denton, L.E. Heusser, C. Schluchter & D. Marchant (1995) Interhemispheric correlation of Late Pleistocene Glacial events. Science 269: 1541-1549.
Moreno, P.I., C. Villagrán, P.A. Marquet & L.G. Marshall (1994) Quaternary paleobiogeography of northern and central Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 67: 487-502.